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The Grove, Caroline County, Virginia by HistoryTech, LLC

By the second half of the 18th century, lower Caroline County was well established as an important thoroughfare for people and goods traveling between Richmond and Williamsburg and points farther north, including Fredericksburg, Alexandria, Georgetown, Baltimore, and Philadelphia. During this time, large plantation owners began to subdivide their holdings as families grew, and additional dwellings were constructed along the "Stage Road" that was to become U.S. Route 2. Building technology and documentary evidence suggest that The Grove was constructed as a two-and-a-half-story, one-cell-per-floor frame house ca. 1787 during the ownership of a woman named Susannah Foster. It was expanded into a center hall plan dwelling shortly thereafter, ca. 1800, and expanded again in the mid-19th century. The Grove is an excellent example of an 18th century house along the Stage Road that evolved to meet the needs of its occupants throughout the 19th and well into the 20th centuries. The property was likely the scene of American Revolution activity that largely occurred because of the property’s proximity to the Stage Road and Littlepage’s Bridge on the Pamunkey River.The Grove is eligible for listing at the local level on the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion C in the area of architecture, as it displays highly intact architectural craftsmanship from the 18th and mid 19th centuries in the upper Tidewater region, and is representative of an under-documented form and plan of dwelling found in southern Caroline County. The Period of Significance is from ca. 1787 (the date of construction for the earliest part of the house) to ca. 1920 for the construction of the water tower (which represents the last significant historic addition to the house or complex).

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