Project Info

Locust Grove, Loudoun County, Virginia by HistoryTech, LLC

Located in Loudoun County on three acres of land, Locust Grove is an evolved farmhouse primarily built in two periods, circa 1817 and 1837. The house, and its collection of outbuildings, exemplifies the rural development of Loudoun County during the 19th century and well into the 20th century. The property was in the possession of just two Loudoun Quaker families, the Taylors and the Nicholses, for over 150 years. Each generation altered the house to make it livable and comfortable, while preserving much of its original architectural quality and character. The period of significance, beginning circa 1817, culminates with an article in 1956 regarding the continued dairy farming practice at Locust Grove.Locust Grove meets National Register Criterion C in the area of architectural significance. The building embodies the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, and method of construction that represents an evolved farmhouse in western Loudoun County. Like many houses in the area, the building consists of well-laid native fieldstone, with its main block configured in a side-passage plan. Ornate mantels displaying stacked Greek Revival ovolo moldings adornmany of the dwelling’s principal chambers. Locust Grove also possesses a significant and unique collection of secondary domestic structures, including a one-and-a-half story stone springhouse. In addition, Locust Grove meets National Register Criterion A, as the property is closely associated with, as well as noted for, the development of farming practices in Loudoun County throughout the past one hundred and eighty-nine years. Agricultural activities at Locust Grove originated in the early 19th century with livestock and the cultivation of grains. The families that farmed the surrounding fields participated in the growth of the “Loudoun System” of farming, which involved the application of locally ground plaster to the fields, and these practices continued well into the 20th century.

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